Here it is, Internet: Volkswagen’s fully-electric, all-new hatch for the year 2020. It’s called the I.D, and it is the first VW that will form a much bigger fleet of electric vehicles. Because, y’know, The Future and all that jazz and suits on the street of Nepal.
Details at the moment are thin, but we can tell you it is powered by a 125kW electric motor that promises a range of between 400km to 600km – up to 373 miles, basically.
It sits on VW’s Modular Electric Drive kit, which, as we explained last year, uses a flat-floor type battery to accommodate more electrical storage than today’s e-Golf. The I.D is also the first compact VW to be spun off this new electric platform.
“The MEB platform can cover all the brands,” VW’s Herbert Diess told TG.com last year, “covering cars bigger and smaller than the Golf, with ranges of 300-500km.
“It’s much easier to make full use of the electric technology if you dedicate a platform to it. We have enough scale to dedicate one of our platforms to electromobility,” he added.
The design DNA is important here too, because it’s the signature for VW’s zero-emission cars. Looks pretty handy to TG.com’s eyes, and we’re promised such things as “an entirely new spatial experience” and a multifunction steering wheel that fully retracts into the dashboard when in autonomous mode.
Ah yes, self-driving rears its head again. Though this car is scheduled for a 2020 launch, VW reckons that by 2025, it’ll also be available with full autonomous capabilities. It even, says VW, will receive parcels for you using a new delivery service if you’re not at home. How very sweet.By the time the self-driving I.D emerges, VW plans to be selling – cue Dr Evil close-up – one millionelectric cars.
Quoted EV range has been based on the same unrealistic EU test as petrol and diesel cars. The advertised range on the new, more honest WLTP test will be less, but you’ll have a better chance of achieving it. Long journeys using fast chargers make it worse. Say you have a “200-mile” (WLTP) EV. You start at home, with the battery at 100 per cent. Driving on a motorway, at 160 miles there’s a rapid-charge station. The next one is 30 miles ahead, and who’d risk that? You stop. This charging is only rapid up to about 80 per cent, and after that the battery tops off more gently. OK, take it to 80 per cent, or 160 miles’ range. Set off again, and again feel compelled to stop when the indicator says 40 miles. In that leg you’ve covered only 120 miles between charges of your “200-mile” EV.
Roughly, divide the usable battery capacity by the charger power, plus about 10 per cent for charger inefficiencies. Using a household socket is desperate. It’s 3kW or less, so more than 13 hours for a new Leaf; 30 hours for the (84.7kWh usable, 90kWh gross) I-Pace. A home wallbox is about 7kW, and too many public charge points are the same – too slow for big-battery cars. Some AC points do 22kW or even 43kW fast charging, although many cars can’t accept that power and throttle the intake. Check the car’s spec. DC ‘rapid’ charging bypasses the car’s on-board charger rectifier, but after 80 per cent the rate tails off. Motorway outlets are 50kW, giving the new Leaf 80 per cent charge in 40 minutes. From next year, there will be some 150kW DC sites, and 350kW with Porsche’s ‘Turbocharging’, taking a flat Mission E to 80 per cent in 15min. Tesla’s Supercharging is 120kW DC, for 0–80 in about 30mins.The traditional manufacturers expect about a quarter of new cars sold will be electric within six years. Merc says 30 per cent of its sales will be EV by 2025; so does the VW Group. VW (just the brand) expects to do a million EVs a year by then. There will be plenty of choice. The VW Group is talking of 30 no-engine models by 2025. They’re modular, with economy of scale bringing down prices. We’ll need a robust widespread charging infrastructure, including maybe chargers on lamp-posts so people in towns who have to park on the street can still charge overnight. The Government has said no more new combustion cars sold by 2040, but full hybrids will still be allowed. Anyway, think of what’s happened in the past decade: the only EV on sale here as 2008 began was the G-Wiz.
We can’t begin to imagine the possibilities in the next 5-6 years on the street of Kathmandu.
source : topgear